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Flat feet

So you have achy Achilles tendons, a tight calf muscle, and a swollen ankle? You may be suffering from flat feet. This article will discuss the symptoms of a flat foot, causes for having a flat foot, and how to treat it. Flat feet are often caused by improper footwear or excessive weight gain. It is important to keep your muscles flexible in order to prevent injury. In this blog post, we will go over what you can do about it!

Flat feet

Flat feet are a type of foot deformity that varies in physical intensity. Depending upon the individual’s genetics or development, it might have been inherited and developed over time. Flat feet most often occur due to age-related changes and can progressively worsen every year. 

Flat foots can be defined by having no arch at all (pes planus), or just minor deviations such as rolled toes. There are a number of muscles that attach to the foot and ankle. When these muscles become weak, they can no longer keep the arch in the foot. Flat feet usually cause pain and swelling in the feet, ankles, or calves.

Symptoms & Identification

The most common symptoms of flat feet are aching ankles, Achilles tendon injuries, and calf muscle tightness. You may also experience swelling in the ankle and foot. If you have any of these symptoms, it is important to see a foot doctor determine if you have flat feet. The foot doctor will ask about your medical history and perform a physical exam. They will examine your feet and test for a flat foot by performing a physical exam of your foot. 

If you have a diagnosis of a pes planus foot, the doctor may also order imaging studies such as X-rays or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Your podiatrist might recommend custom arch supports (orthotics) to help correct any deformity in the foot and arch supports.

Causes

There are a few common reasons why a person might develop flat feet. The most common reason is that they inherited the condition from their mother or father. Flat feet can also be caused by a previous ankle, leg, or foot injury and inactivity in muscles of the calf and/or thigh which impacts the ability to maintain an arch in the foot when standing or walking, and running. Excessive weight gain can also cause a person to develop flat feet over time.

Possible complications

One of the main complications a flat foot can cause is a reduction in overall arch height. This could lead to a misalignment of your gait, and therefore a higher risk for injuries such as plantar fasciitis, Achilles tendon issues, or calf muscle injury.

Flat Foot Treatment

If you are diagnosed with a flat foot, there are a number of treatment options available. The most important step is to stretch and strengthen the muscles around the ankle and foot. You can do this by stretching your calf muscle and Achilles tendon regularly. You can also wear supportive shoes or orthotics. If you have pain, your podiatrist may prescribe nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. If the pain is severe, you may need surgery to correct the deformity.

Prevention

In order to prevent a flat foot from occurring, make sure you wear proper shoes and avoid high heels. It is also important to stay at a healthy weight or lose weight if needed. You can maintain a healthy diet and exercise regularly.

If you are a runner, make sure to avoid hard surfaces. If you have a job that requires a lot of standing or walking, take breaks often and stretch your feet when needed.

Of course, the best way to prevent flat feet is with simple exercise! Try incorporating these exercises into your daily life:

  1. – calf raises – done by standing with your feet hip-width apart and lifting your heels off the ground, then slowly lowering them back down
  2. – toe raises – standing with your feet together, raise your toes as high as possible, then lower them back down
  3. – ankle circles – make a circular motion with your ankles using both feet

These exercises will help to keep your muscles strong and flexible. If you have a history of flat feet in your family, be sure to talk with a foot doctor about what kinds of exercises might help strengthen the muscles around your ankles and prevent a deformity from developing!

Schedule an Appointment with Your Total Foot Care Specialist in Katy, West Houston, Cypress, Copperfield, Memorial or Galleria

In conclusion, if you are experiencing any of the common symptoms associated with a flat foot, it is important to see a foot doctor for a diagnosis. There are a number of treatment options available that can help improve your quality of life. Remember to stretch and exercise regularly to maintain strength and flexibility in the muscles around your ankle and foot!

At Total Foot Care, our foot specialists can help diagnose the condition and provide treatment options that will help ease your foot pain. Contact us today to schedule an appointment!